India is one of the few countries in world that is steeped with rich history. Its past has witnessed the rise and fall of different rulers and empires that left their mark on the countryside. Besides this, its history is punctuated by constant integration with migrating people and with the diverse cultures. In fact its long and strong stretches of history have resulted in the formation of several creative illustrations and cultural depictions. A travel in India through the entire sphere of these architectural masterpieces can help you delve deeper into the country’s cultural bias.
It is a land of heritage and has some of the magnificent historical destinations. Today there are many historical places in India that are listed as World Heritage sites due to their cultural importance. A tour to some of the heritage tourist destinations in India will take you back in time to ancient period of India. You will amaze to see the architecture of some of the most stunning and charming historical attractions that India has to offer. Here are some of the popular historical tourist spots in India that are more worth to be explored-
The Taj Mahal- Taj Mahal is one of the most visited medieval buildings of the world. It is one of the first things that you must visit in the country. A tour to Taj Mahal will take you to the fascinating journey of the city of Agra and its surrounding locates. It’s actually a tomb that contains the body of Mumtaz Mahal – the wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Made out of marble, it took 22 years and 20,000 workers to complete the marvelous architecture. The Taj Mahal is characterized by highly stylized calligraphy, intricate carvings in marble and the famous pietra dura inlay work.
The Khajuraho Temples– Just in case, if you are looking for a proof of the Kama Sutra origination in India, then Khajuraho is the place to be. Devoted towards sex and sexuality, it is featured with erotica design. Every facade-wall, pillar and ceiling is carved with figures of historical origins and many of these depict the innocent form of love.
There are 3 groups of temples – Western, Eastern and Southern. The main temples are in the Western group, which features the magnificent Kandariya Mahadeo Temple. Built on high platforms, they are all several metres off the ground. Besides this, the stone used in building these temples are either granite or a combination of light sandstone and granite.
Ajanta-Ellora Caves- Built during the period between the 2nd century BC and 8th century AD, the Ajanta-Ellora caves are two of the most alluring tourist destinations in India. The caves at Ajanta are all Buddhist, and the caves at Ellora are mixture of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain. These caves are ornately carved, yet give the impression of meditative and radiance of divine energy and power.
The exquisite wall and ceiling paintings & sculptures of Buddha’s life at Ajanta Caves are popular all around the world and considered as the finest examples of Buddhist pictorial art. Moreover, Ellora Caves are believed to have been built by the rulers of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty and serve as the epitome of rock-cut architecture in India. The Ajanta and Ellora caves elegantly transmit the aspects of decency, charm and serenity reminiscent of Buddha himself and his teachings.
Fatehpur Sikri – Established by Emperor Akbar from the twin villages of Fatehpur and Sikri, this place is a tribute to famous Sufi saint, Sheikh Salim Chishti. Situated 40 kilometers from Agra, Uttar Pradesh, this place has retained many of the old structures, because of the efforts of the Archaeological department. It holds some of the finest example of the culmination of Hindu and Muslim architecture. Fatehpur Sikri Mosque is said to be a copy of the mosque in Mecca and has designs, derived from the Persian & Hindu architecture. Diwan-I-Am, Diwan-Khana-I-Khaas, and Daulat-Khana-I-Khaas are few other tourist attractions in Fatehpur Sikri.
India has always been well-known for its affluent heritage and ancient culture. Visiting different historical places certainly gives an ideal opportunity to know more about glorious past. The demand of India Historical Tour programs have drastically increased and are even expected to increase further.